The role of crop land during economic development: evidence from rural Vietnam

Nguyen Viet Cuong and Anh Ngoc Tran

European Review of Agricultural Economics, pp. 1–22


Abstract

Under economic structural changes, some households intensify farming while others reduce it, resulting in significant changes in landholding. This paper studies the link between such changes in landholding and household well-being during a period of rapid economic transformation in Vietnam. Using a rural household panel data set, we find a U-shaped relationship between landholding and well-being: both accumulating crop land and moving out of farming are associated with higher household income and expenditure. Notably, these relationships are greater in communes that are less developed, suggesting that the benefits of structural transformation may diminish at higher levels of development.

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