Programme-135: addressing poverty and inequality in Viet Nam


Tung Duc Phung and Thanh Minh Pham


poverty reduction, inequality, ethnic minorities, Viet Nam

JEL classification:

I38, J15, J18


Abstract: Viet Nam has achieved remarkable economic growth and poverty reduction since the Doi Moi. However, ethnic minorities and the ethnic majority do not benefit equally from the national economic progress. The proportion of poor households that are ethnic minority-headed soared from 18 per cent in the early 1990s to 56 per cent in 2008. […]

Female leadership and borrowing constraints: Evidence from an emerging economy

JEL classification:

 J16 J54 L25


 CEO gender, Credit access, Vietnam


This study investigates the differences in credit access between male-managed and female-managed firms using two Enterprise Censuses in Vietnam. Our findings reveal that women-managed firms are less likely to borrow from commercial banks than their male counterparts, even when controlling for other determinants such as CEO education and experience, firm size, and ownership. No difference […]

Multidimensional poverty: Evidence from Vietnam

Ha Le, Cuong Nguyen and Tung Phung

Economics Bulletin, Vol. 35 No. 4 p.A282


This study examines multidimensional poverty in Vietnam using the method of Alkire and Foster (2007, 2011) and household data from Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys 2010 and 2012. The poverty is analyzed in five dimensions including health, education, insurance and social support, living condition, and social participation. The result shows that multidimensional poverty has decreased […]

The Urban-Rural Gap in Governance and Public Administration: Evidence from Vietnam


Acuna-Alfaro Jairo, Cuong Nguyen, Anh Tran, Tung Phung


The International Public Management Review, 16(1), 165-191


Abstract The relationship between development and governance is a central question in the public administration literature on developing countries. Yet, we still understand little about the gap between urban and rural governance in these nations. Our paper tackles this issue using the novel Vietnam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI). PAPI is Vietnam’s […]

Do the poorest ethnic minorities benefit from a large-scale poverty reduction program? Evidence from Vietnam

Nguyen Viet Cuong, Daniel Westbrook and Phung Duc Tung

The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 2015, vol. 56, issue C, pages 3-14


To increase the opportunities for poor ethnic minorities to benefit from economic growth the government of Vietnam implemented a program entitled ‘Socio-economic Development for the Communes Facing Greatest Hardships in the Ethnic Minority and Mountainous Areas’ during 2006–2010. This paper provides empirical evidence of this program’s impacts on households in the project areas. We find […]

Natural Disasters, Household Welfare and Resilience: Evidence from Rural Vietnam

Nguyen, Viet Cuong, Mohamed Arouri and Adel Ben Youssef

World Development, 70(C), 59-77.


The study uses commune fixed-effects regressions to estimate the effect of natural disasters on welfare and poverty of rural households in Vietnam, and subsequently examines household and community characteristics that can strengthen resilience of households to natural disasters. We find that all the three disaster types considered in this study including storms, floods, and droughts […]

Does firm privatisation benefit local households? The case of Vietnam

Giang Thanh Long, Nguyen Viet Cuong, Vu Thieu, and Vu Van Huong

Post-Communist Economies, Vol. 27, No. 4, 547–565.


Although most countries follow a market economy, they still maintain a number of state-owned firms. In Vietnam the process of firm privatisation has been going on since the early 1990s. However, state-owned firms and joint-venture firms with public capital still account for nearly 40% of total firm output. In this article we find that the […]

Should Parents Work Away from or Close to Home? The Effect of Parental Absence on Children’s Time Use in Vietnam

Nguyen Viet Cuong and Vu Hoang Linh

Journal of Human Development and Capabilities , Vol. 27, No. 4, 547–565.


Working away from home might bring higher earnings than working near home. However, the absence of parents due to work can have unexpected effects on children. This paper examines the effects of the absence of parents due to work on time allocation of children aged 5–8 years old in Vietnam. The paper relies on fixed-effects […]