Eye health among school children in Vietnam: Prevalence of refractive errors, accuracy of school-based screening, and knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) among students, parents, and school staff


The Fred Hollows Foundation is registered as a charity with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission (ACNC) and is founded by the eye surgeon Professor Fred Hollows. The Foundation operates under the mission of helping to prevent blindness in the developing world. In Vietnam, the Fred Hollows Foundation is implementing two projects – Vietnam Child Eye Care (VNCEC) and Better Eyes for Better Education (BEBE). The objectives of these projects are to improve eye care for Vietnamese students through education to encourage healthy eye care practices and behaviour. To provide precise evidence and and measure the feasibility of school eye screening programs of those projects, the research is conducted to capture the knowledge, attitude and practice of pupils, parents and teachers regarding eye care, which are fundamentals for designing relevant communication activities and improving the efficiency of the project. Therefore, the Fred Hollows Foundation has had the Mekong Development Research Institute conduct a baseline survey as well as an end-line survey. There are 35 primary and secondary schools in three provinces (Hai Duong, Da Nang and Tien Giang) joining this survey with a sample size of around 5,000 students participating in visual acuity assessments and 1,400 pairs of students and parents participating in quantitative interviews.