Vietnam is participating in REDD+ preparation and has developed a National REDD+ Action Program (NRAP) as an important part of the National Strategy on Climate Change (approved by the Prime Minister in June 2012). The World Bank, through the Forest Carbon Partnership Fund (FCPF), is assisting Vietnam with financial and technical support focused on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, forest carbon stock conservation, the sustainable management of forests, and the enhancement of forest carbon stocks (activities commonly referred to as REDD+).
Vietnam expects to submit a draft Emissions Reduction Program Document (ER-PD) in early 2016. Vietnam received a supplementary grant to support the development of the ER-PD, which includes requirements for a detailed assessment of the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, emissions reference levels based on past emission rates and future emissions estimates, establishing a MRV system for REDD+, and actions for integrating environmental and social considerations into the REDD+ Readiness. The program will cover 6 provinces in the northern central coastal region, where most natural rich forests are located (Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue).
One component of the project requires undertaking a Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) and an Environmental Social Management Framework (ESMF) to help integrate social and environmental considerations into policy-making processes, leading to sustainable REDD+ strategy options and towards compliance with safeguards policies. The socio-economic profile of the communities in the proposed ER-P program, including those of vulnerable groups and forest-dependent communities (especially ethnic minorities), is an important prerequisite for the SESA and important input for the design of the EMSF. To develop this profile, a socio-economic survey of the communities located in the project area will be conducted by MDRI.